Sleep tight, and don’t let the bed bugs bite!
Once an endearing way to tuck in your children, now a very real threat!
Why are they such a problem?
Many people wonder why bed bugs have become a global problem in recent years. All of a sudden, the little pests are in the news on almost a daily basis. Then, you hear about a friend or family member having to throw out all their bedding or furniture because of an infestation. How can one small bug create such international havoc?
The other question often heard is, where were they before? Well in the past, a chemical, called DDT was used to control them. During WW2 many soldiers were plagued with bed bugs in their barracks, so DDT was deployed and used extensively. It was very effective and bed bugs soon became a thing of the past. That chemical was widely used from the 1940’s until the 1970’s. Then it was discovered to contain cancer-causing elements. No comparable (safe) solution has been developed to date.
Many cities have even begun to track the infestations of the bugs within apartment complexes and private residences, and then post the information on public websites.
In the mid 19th century, they were very common, but laid dormant much of the time due to houses being much colder. The advent of central heating allowed the pests to breed aggressively and survive throughout the year.
The recent resurgence of the bugs began in the early 1980’s and has continued to plague cities around the world.
What do they look like?
They are small, oval shaped light brown to reddish brown flat bugs with no wings. They have what looks like lateral plates across their backs. They are about the size of an apple seed. They can often be found in the creases of mattresses and furniture, where they are less prone to be disturbed. They lay eggs which are small and clustered and appear black. A female can lay thousands of eggs a year and they can live for over 300 days without eating.
Do they bite?
Oh yes, they bite! The bites are small red blister-like protrusions, which appear like a rash on the skin, usually on the back and the arms. Most people only get the rash, but some may have an allergic reaction to the bite and require additional medical treatment.
There is no “magic bullet” solution to rid your home of bed bugs. They are very resilient and require multiple techniques to remove them.
- A combination of extreme heat and drying will take care of bedding and cushions or any other fabric that may have been infested. Temperatures must be over 45C or 113F to be effective.
- Steaming with temperatures above 50C or 120F is also very effective – this may work best for furniture or wall spaces. It is important to be very careful with steam as it can burn you.
- Before either of these steps, vacuuming out the eggs and as many of the bugs as possible is critical; then disposing of the vacuum bag and cleaning the vacuum hoses.
- Modern pesticides have not been effective, as the bugs have built a resistance to many of the commercially available products. Stronger pesticides affect the health and well-being of most humans.
- Some pest control companies have detection dogs who will come into your home and find infestations, ensuring you do not miss areas not yet uncovered.
- Most professional companies will make multiple trips to your home to make sure they have eradicated all infestation areas.
What about foggers? Do they work?
Because bed bugs like to hide in tight, inaccessible areas, there are many concerns about the effectiveness of foggers. They are most effective in an enclosed, focused space.
It is also important to look for foggers specifically made to deal with bed bugs. In all cases, read the label on the product and follow the instructions. Your safety is always the most important thing.
- Only use the number of foggers required for your space. More is not better! Too many may cause an explosion.
- Turn off pilot lights (furnace, water heater or gas stove) and unplug appliances to reduce the potential for an explosion.
- Remove your pets from the living space.
- Most importantly, leave the room or the building as directed by the label and don’t return until the amount of time listed on the label has passed.
Commercial, off the shelf products like Hot Shot, Bedbug and Flea Fogger is available at Home Depot and other stores for around $10 for a 3-pack and claims to cover 600 square feet.
Raid, Deep Reach Fogger also claims to be able to eradicate ants, roaches, and spiders but bed bugs are not first on the list. The fog covers 625 square feet. It runs for about $12 for a 3-pack.
How do I avoid getting them?
The first step is not to bring anything into your home that may have the potential of carrying bed bugs.
- Used furniture
- Clothing you do not know a lot about (or where it came from)
- Luggage and items which have traveled
Make sure there are no open spaces between yours and your neighbors’ living space. Fill them in with plaster if possible.
- Check the backs of cupboards in the kitchen and bathroom
- Look in the heating vents and behind radiators
- Look inside closets
Vacuum the hidden nooks and crannies in your furniture, mattress and headboard frequently. Make sure nothing has the time or opportunity to nest or lay eggs.
You can protect your bed with a protective mattress cover. There are many available at stores like Walmart, Home Depot as well as bed and bath retail stores. They range in price from $30 to over $150. Box spring and pillow covers may be extra.
It is highly recommended to leave any encasement on for a year without unzipping to make sure any bugs trapped inside have died and that nothing else can get in.
Many are vinyl and may have loose stitching to seal the edges or a standard zipper to close. Bed Bugs can still hide and breed in those areas. Mattress, box spring and pillow covers need to have the following features to be effective:
- Velcro self-locking zipper and internal flap
- Tight fitting stretch knit fabric
- Easy slide on and off
- Machine wash and dry
Some products available are:
- Protect-a-Bed, an online retail store offers all mattress and box spring sizes as well as pillow covers for brands such as Buglock, Bed Bug Mattress Encasement – a brand specifically made to keep out bed bugs – they also offer a heavy duty option. This product specifically addresses bed bug prevention and state that their product is part of your overall bed bug management strategy.
- Costco offers NOVOshield, which does, in fact, come with pillow and box spring covers (King Size only) and offers anti-allergy protection as well. This product specifically addresses bed bug prevention.
Due to the fact that vermins conceal in little splits, they can easily enter your residence on travel luggage, furnishings, apparel, cushions, containers, as well as various other things. The pests can easily conceal in mattress, floorings, lumber, home furniture, and also newspaper waste within the day.
An expert will definitely accomplish an evaluation to verify a problem. They may at that point utilize exclusive procedures including pesticide, a cleaner or even swift freeze unit to obtain rid the bed bugs.
Bed Bugs could be actually tough to get rid of. Pests can easily conceal in fractures and also holes in the cushion, garden structure, and also package spring season.
BedBugs are actually located worldwide. They are actually frequently discovered in resorts, hotels, hotels, homes, as well as apartment building where multitudes from individuals reoccured.
Insects usually like textile or even hardwood over plastic and also metallic, as well as usually conceal close to where you rest– for instance, under the cushion or even along the head board.
They can easily be actually located out off the bed in different household furniture, along the sides from carpetings as well as also responsible for represents or even inside smoke cigarettes alarm systems.
The prognosis from an bed bug bites can easily in some cases be actually hard, as vermin attacks might seem identical to the attacks from various other pests. If somebody is actually capable to deliver in a sampling from the pest that might possess attacked all of them, this may be actually useful in producing the prognosis.
Seldom, in the event that from an intense wide spread allergy, treatments from epinephrine, antihistamines, and also corticosteroids could be actually needed.
An antibiotic lotion or even a dental antibiotic might be actually recommended through a health-care expert if an additional microbial skin layer disease cultivates.
Bed Bug bite treatment
The medical diagnosis from a vermin bites can easily in some cases be actually challenging, as vermin attacks might show up comparable to the attacks from various other bugs. Bed bug attacks appear a great deal like insect attacks, which is actually why the recognition method can easily be actually rather hard. Bed bed bugs attack in bunches or even lines, so the bite seldom stands up alone. Just before you manage a bedbug bites, be actually certain the bites is actually coming from a real mattress bug. Bed bugs attacks seem considerably like attacks off various other pests such as bugs and also bugs.
Clinical treatment from vermin attacks relies on the individual’s professional photo. Therapy from these attacks is actually certainly not often demanded.
Just before you manage a bedbug bites, be actually certain the bites is actually off a true bedbug. Bed pest attacks seem considerably like attacks coming from various other bugs such as bugs as well as bedbugs.
Bed pests attack in sets or even lines, so the bites seldom stands up alone. Bed pest nibbles at times present up on your physical body after a married couple from hrs, however this could have as a lot as a full week just before you may view all of them. Some individuals receive no response to the nibbles at all.
Bed bug attacks appear a whole lot like bug attacks, which is actually why the identity procedure can easily be actually pretty complicated. There are actually, having said that, a handful of indications to appear for when you have actually been actually attacked.
How to get rid and prevent bed bug bite
Properly, after the shipment fellas left behind, I ordered the Raid House & Garden spray and also went at the hornets. I informed my son to deliver me the Ortho Bed Bug Killer. I would certainly been actually combating bedroom insects as well as that appeared to possess an excellent result since our experts had not possessed attacks in over a full week.
Along with all the information you listen to concerning resorts and also bedroom bugs, that was actually maintaining me awake at evenings. I believed due to the fact that my work needs me to journey, ans at times you do not understand the area up until your there, I would certainly carry a can from spray along with me. Our experts were actually cleaning a kittycat our experts discovered and also the point was actually dealt with in bugs, so I squirted the bath time region, and also the towel after wards and also the bugs perished promptly.
That had me a little bit to open up the package deal as well as area the complete sized cushion cover and also container spring season cover I acquired as a result of to disease. Deals with in shape flawlessly as well as easy to mount along with great protection. I like that the cushion cover is actually water-resistant however does not possess a plastic sense to that.
I overreacted when I found 2 mattress pests on my bedroom, so I extensively explored loads from bedroom insect sprays on call listed below on Amazon. I acquired just this item as well as dealt with the mattress along with that two times over the upcoming 2 times.
I might as properly be actually splashing water off the container. The could claims the spray gets rid of also the hardest bedroom infections. Think the insects I’ve been actually honored along with are actually more durable in comparison to difficult.
Wonderful bed cover – huge sufficient to suit bigger beds – quick and easy to whiz as well as mount up. After drying I unzipped one to place that on the bed mattress and also found out that the within from the cushion cover had actually certainly not dried out totally, the basement waterproofing maintained the within off drying out – so I un-zipped all of them each and also returned all of them to the clothing dryer to end up drying out as well as whatever operated out great. I am actually simply grateful I failed to place the damp cover over my cushion – that will possess been actually a mildew and mold reproduction ground.
Along with all the updates you listen to regarding accommodations and also bed bug, that was actually maintaining me awake at evenings. Performs a lot better over Raid Bed Bug Killer as well as Hot Shot, (which does not function at all). I worried when I observed 2 mattress pests on my mattress, so I completely looked into lots from bedbug sprays on call right here on Amazon. I informed my grand son to take me the Ortho Bed Bug Killer. The may mentions the spray gets rid of also the most difficult bedoomr infections.
I really mounted that through on my own, as well as the method went rather effectively (though I STRONGLY highly recommend an assistant if you possess one offered – cushions can easily be actually massive!). The match was actually really excellent, also considering our company possess a foam-top bed. Our team’ll discover out the time our experts blow one thing on the bed mattress and also the bedroom endures without a discolor!
Performs much better over Raid Bed Bug Killer as well as Hot Shot, (which does not operate at all). I have actually gotten even more so that I can easily proceed to spray every time without disruption. Simply discovering lifeless infections in there certainly.
Many of the major Pest Control companies also offer encasements as part of their service. Additionally Amazon and eBay offer many products and options.
Bed bugs are a common and on-going threat. If you experience an infestation, know that you are not alone and there are ways you can eradicate, manage and prevent the intrusion.